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Name:G8 New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa A Critial Analysis from a Human Rights Perspective
Launched at the G81 Summit at Camp David in May 2012, the G8 New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa (hereafter New Alliance) brings together the G8, the African Union, several African governments and the private sector, representing more than 150 companies, among which many of them TNCs or linked to them. This Public-Private Partnership intends to raise 50 million people out of poverty by 2022 through “sustained and inclusive growth for Africa’s agricultural sector“, “accelerated flow of private capital“, “major policy changes that open doors to more private sector trade and investment“ and the revision of “policies in order to improve investment opportunities“. The concrete commitments are outlined in the so-called Cooperation Frameworks which consist of a brief introduction referring to several initiatives and processes, a section on policy commitments by African governments, the funding intentions by the G8 members, and the investment intentions by the private sector mainly in the form of summaries of letters of intent. 
Since its inception, the New Alliance has met with criticism from several African as well as international NGOs on both the process and the skewed policy commitments which serves to enable private corporations to dictate agricultural policy to advance their own interests. This fact sheet strives to serve as a tool for civil society organizations to critically challenge the New Alliance and to recall governments to meet their obligations under the right to adequate food and nutrition (RtAFN), a human right that is enshrined in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). The fact sheet is divided into three parts. Part I scrutinizes the overall design and approach of the New Alliance as well as the provisions contained in the Cooperation Frameworks from a human rights perspective, specifically with a focus on the RtAFN. Part II gives brief summaries on five relevant areas for the enjoyment of the RtAFN – seeds, land, social protection and income, and nutrition. An Annex provides a two-column chart on the basis of the five identified areas, one referring to strategies and policies promoted by the New Alliance, and another on human rights declarations and conventions as well as on reference documents for the RtAFN.
Publication Year:2014